Many typefaces designed with a pen on paper (especially those from the 20th century) were licensed by different foundries, and were later independently digitized by them. Some special characters such as @ or the euro sign, were independently added later. Those “alternate cuts” are different digital versions of basically the same typeface design. They often vary in character set, letter proportions and kerning. Some are published under different names.
ITC Edwardian Script was designed by Edward Benguiat, an emotional, lyrical, even passionate calligraphic typeface. Its appearance was influenced by the look of writing with a steel point pen, an instrument which can be pushed as well as pulled, and which produces stroke contrast when pressure upon it is varied. The delicate, sophisticated letterforms of ITC Edwardian Script were drawn and redrawn and the connections of the letters were perfected to create the look of true handwriting.