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HiH

HiH stands for Hand-in-Hand because I couldn’t do it alone — any of it. I am as interested in history as I am in typefaces and I firmly believe that no typeface is an island, either. By that I mean, every typeface has a context and a history and is a product of some person(s) creativity and effort. Since alphabets have the purpose of written communication, a typeface cannot be TOTALLY original or it would be useless. A typeface must, at minimum, resemble other typefaces that already exist. If a reader cannot recognize any of the letterforms, the reader will not be able to read any of the words formed by those letters and there will be no communication.

Over time, I evolved a growing dislike for the practice, that goes back to the earliest foundries, of copying and renaming fonts without attribution, as if each look-alike font was the product of original and independent effort. I found it confusing and frustrating, so I started off giving back the original name some of the fonts I had accumulated. Next, I became dissatisfied with fonts that were missing punctuation or special characters that were (or should have been) part of the original design, etc. I started adding them as I needed them. Then I found myself re-designing some of the non-alphabetic characters. I think all of the characters should look like they belong with the font and not hauled out of the trash someplace. For example, I think a blackletter typeface should have a period that reflects the same broadpen characteristics as the letterforms. Who draws perfect circles with a broadpen nib? On the other hand, why would anyone want math symbols with a copperplate script? That is like blackletter small caps or a swash version of a geometric sans-serif. You get the picture.

And then there are all the really great Victorian & Art Nouveau typefaces that I could not find in digital form. Personally, I think the 19th century (more exactly, from 1815 through 1914) is the most exciting in the history of typography — the teenage years, messy, conflicted and full of the discovery of the raw power being unleashed. There was no escape. I had to make my own. I hope you like them and find them useful.

— Tom the Boxer, HiH Retrofonts

Character Sets

We use a standard Windows 3.1 character set with 213 visible characters or glyphs and 256 total character slots (some reserved for program functions and not visible) for display typefaces. We think Unicode is really great for text faces, but often overkill for display purposes. We use Fontographer 4.1 and like to see the entire character set displayed on a single screen — not possible with Unicode.

We frequently deviate from the standard ASCII set, which we believe includes some silly choices. Don’t look for a “logical not” in our faces. For diacritical marks (accents), we generally include the acute (´), grave (`), dieresis or umlaut (¨), circumflex (ˆ), tilde (˜), cedilla (¸) and macron (¯). Most of our fonts are revivals. Priority is given to the accents and special characters needed to set the native language of the original designer. Bringhurst lists 59 letter forms in Roman- or Latin-based alphabets alone (exclusive of Cyrillic, Greek, Hebrew, etc). For example, there are four Os: the standard O, the slashed O, the horned O, and the open O. When you add in the various accent combinations, from O-acute for to open-O-ogonek, you wind up with a total of forty variations on the letter O alone. The old saw that you cannot be all things to all people obviously applies here.

Note: for the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy, the official administrative languages were German and Hungarian. While Czech, Polish, Serbo-Croatian, Slovenian were important regionally, it was a major political issue that they did not have official standing. (There were periods when their use was actually forbidden.)

We try to include ligatures and alternate characters that were part of the original design. We will also include special characters or dingbats when we deem it appropriate to do so. There is a wealth of printer’s ornaments to be found in specimen books. Many have already been digitized in raster form by Dover and others and are available in inexpensive collections on CD.

Decorative Initials

As a rule I try to match decorative initials with appropriate small caps, if available, or with a matching or harmonious lowercase. While the lowercase or small caps will be supplied with accents, the decorative initials will not be, with the sometime exception of C-cedilla and the N-tilde. According to The Chicago Manual of Style, French, Portuguese and Spanish may be set without accents on capitalized vowels; and German can set by using Ae, Oe & Ue in place of the umlauted capitals. Italian varies: accents required for display headlines, but not for text. Æ and Œ will generally not be included in decorated form unless part of the original design.

Selected Bibliography

The books listed below are the ones to which we most frequently refer. Each of these books has something unique to offer. Together they can form the core of a useful typographic library. No specimen books are listed because the most important are far beyond anything most people can afford, running into the thousands of dollars. It is hoped that the holders of major historical libraries, such as Columbia University in NYC and St. Bride’s in London, will gradually digitize the most significant and post them on their web sites. Donations might encourage them — it would be an expensive and time-consuming process.

  • Annenberg, TYPE FOUNDRIES OF AMERICA AND THEIR CATALOGS (Oak Knoll Press, New Castle, Deleware, 1994) ISBN 1-884718-06-X. The purpose of this book, and those like it, is to capture history metal type before it is too late. These are labors of love and we are indebted to those who made effort because this history belongs to all of us.
     
  • Bain & Shaw, BLACKLETTER: TYPE AND NATIONAL IDENTITY. (Princeton Architectural Press, NYC 1998) ISBN 1-56898-125-2. Useful contribution to understanding the zeitgeist of blackletter, countering the many unproductive negative comments made by readers familiar only with roman letterforms. Fraktur, especially, can be difficult when you are not used to it, but it does work better with German than English. Now check out Burmese. Chapter on what editors term “German Hybrid Typefaces”: Behrens, Eckmann, Künstler, etc.
     
  • Bringhurst, THE ELEMENTS OF TYPOGRAPHIC STYLE (Hartley & Marks, Vancouver [near where author lives] 2004. ISBN 0-88179-206-3 (pbk). Incomparable must-have book on disciplined page layout and typography with a strong historical perspective. Bringhurst is a major critic of parochial typography.
     
  • Gray, NINETEENTH CENTURY ORNAMENTED TYPEFACES (University of California Press, Berkeley & LA 1976) ISBN 0-520-03074-5 Out of print. Find it used and buy it. Est $40. Originally published by Oxford University Press in 1938.
     
  • Jasper, Berry & Johnson, ENCYCLOPAEDIA OF TYPEFACES, 4th Edition (Cassell & Co., London 2001); ISBN 1-84188-139-2 (pbk). Note: earlier editions are also worth acquiring on used book market.
     
  • Lewis, TYPOGRAPHY DESIGN AND PRACTICE (Taplinger Publishing, NYC 1978) ISBN 0-8008-7922-8 (pbk). Useful discussion on artistic developments as they impacted display typography from 1800. Draws insightful connection between blackletter faces and sans-serifs.
     
  • McGrew, AMERICAN METAL TYPEFACES OF THE TWENTIETH CENTURY, 2nd Edition (Oak Knoll Books, New Castle, Delaware 1993); ISBN 0938768-39-5 (pbk). Includes typefaces from 19th century that continued to be cast in the 20th century, like Pekin.
     
  • Petzendorfer, TREASURY OF AUTHENTIC ART NOUVEAU ALPHABETS, DECORATIVE INITIALS, MONOGRAMS, FRAMES AND ORNAMENTS (Dover Publications, New York 1984); originally published by Julius Hoffmann of Stuttgart in 1903 under the title SCHRIFTENATLAS NEUE FOLGE: EINE SAMMLUNG VON ALPHABETEN INITIALEN UND MONOGRAMMEN ZUSAMMENGESTELLT VON HOFRAT L. PETZENDORFER. ISBN 0-486-24653-1 (pbk).
     
  • Solo, THE SOLOTYPE CATALOG OF 4,147 DISPLAY TYPEFACES (Dover Publications, New York 1992) ISBN 0-486-27169-2 (pbk). As title indicates, book was intended as a commercial catalog and not a historical record. Because of practice of renaming typefaces to support that purpose and the lack of any further information on where the typefaces were collected, the book is less useful than it might have been. It would be wonderful if an accompanying database was compiled. Many faces simply can't be found elsewhere.
     
  • The University of Chicago Press, THE CHICAGO MANUAL OF STYLE, 14th Edition (The University of Chicago Press, Chicago & London 1993) ISBN 0-226-10389-7. Fifteenth edition is now available. Probably the best reference source for the practical details of applied typography.

75 font families from HiH

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Figgins Tuscan™ Figgins Tuscan™
Figgins Tuscan™ Figgins Tuscan™
Figgins Tuscan™ Figgins Tuscan™
Figgins Tuscan™ Figgins Tuscan™
Figgins Tuscan™ Figgins Tuscan™
by HiH
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Augsburger Augsburger
Augsburger Augsburger
Augsburger Augsburger
Augsburger Augsburger
Augsburger Augsburger
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Secession Secession
Secession Secession
Secession Secession
Secession Secession
Secession Secession
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Wedge Gothic Wedge Gothic
Wedge Gothic Wedge Gothic
Wedge Gothic Wedge Gothic
Wedge Gothic Wedge Gothic
Wedge Gothic Wedge Gothic
by HiH
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Waltari Waltari
Waltari Waltari
Waltari Waltari
Waltari Waltari
Waltari Waltari
by HiH
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Gradl Zierschriften Gradl Zierschriften
Gradl Zierschriften Gradl Zierschriften
Gradl Zierschriften Gradl Zierschriften
Gradl Zierschriften Gradl Zierschriften
Gradl Zierschriften Gradl Zierschriften
by HiH
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Gradl Highstep Gradl Highstep
Gradl Highstep Gradl Highstep
Gradl Highstep Gradl Highstep
Gradl Highstep Gradl Highstep
Gradl Highstep Gradl Highstep
by HiH
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Art Gothic HiH Art Gothic HiH
Art Gothic HiH Art Gothic HiH
Art Gothic HiH Art Gothic HiH
Art Gothic HiH Art Gothic HiH
Art Gothic HiH Art Gothic HiH
by HiH
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Norwich Aldine ML Norwich Aldine ML
Norwich Aldine ML Norwich Aldine ML
Norwich Aldine ML Norwich Aldine ML
Norwich Aldine ML Norwich Aldine ML
Norwich Aldine ML Norwich Aldine ML
by HiH
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Kunstler Grotesk Kunstler Grotesk
Kunstler Grotesk Kunstler Grotesk
Kunstler Grotesk Kunstler Grotesk
Kunstler Grotesk Kunstler Grotesk
Kunstler Grotesk Kunstler Grotesk
by HiH
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Edison Edison
Edison Edison
Edison Edison
Edison Edison
Edison Edison
by HiH
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Advertisers Gothic Advertisers Gothic
Advertisers Gothic Advertisers Gothic
Advertisers Gothic Advertisers Gothic
Advertisers Gothic Advertisers Gothic
Advertisers Gothic Advertisers Gothic
by HiH
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Wedding Wedding
Wedding Wedding
Wedding Wedding
Wedding Wedding
Wedding Wedding
by HiH
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Morris Morris
Morris Morris
Morris Morris
Morris Morris
Morris Morris
by HiH
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Rundgotisch Rundgotisch
Rundgotisch Rundgotisch
Rundgotisch Rundgotisch
Rundgotisch Rundgotisch
Rundgotisch Rundgotisch
by HiH
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Roller Poster Roller Poster
Roller Poster Roller Poster
Roller Poster Roller Poster
Roller Poster Roller Poster
Roller Poster Roller Poster
by HiH
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Thorowgood Sans Thorowgood Sans
Thorowgood Sans Thorowgood Sans
Thorowgood Sans Thorowgood Sans
Thorowgood Sans Thorowgood Sans
Thorowgood Sans Thorowgood Sans
by HiH
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Gothic Tuscan One Gothic Tuscan One
Gothic Tuscan One Gothic Tuscan One
Gothic Tuscan One Gothic Tuscan One
Gothic Tuscan One Gothic Tuscan One
Gothic Tuscan One Gothic Tuscan One
by HiH
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French Plug French Plug
French Plug French Plug
French Plug French Plug
French Plug French Plug
French Plug French Plug
by HiH
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Figgins Antique Figgins Antique
Figgins Antique Figgins Antique
Figgins Antique Figgins Antique
Figgins Antique Figgins Antique
Figgins Antique Figgins Antique
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Teutonia Teutonia
Teutonia Teutonia
Teutonia Teutonia
Teutonia Teutonia
Teutonia Teutonia
by HiH
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Freak Freak
Freak Freak
Freak Freak
Freak Freak
Freak Freak
by HiH
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Auchentaller Auchentaller
Auchentaller Auchentaller
Auchentaller Auchentaller
Auchentaller Auchentaller
Auchentaller Auchentaller
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Habana Deco ML Habana Deco ML
Habana Deco ML Habana Deco ML
Habana Deco ML Habana Deco ML
Habana Deco ML Habana Deco ML
Habana Deco ML Habana Deco ML
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Besley Clarendon Besley Clarendon
Besley Clarendon Besley Clarendon
Besley Clarendon Besley Clarendon
Besley Clarendon Besley Clarendon
Besley Clarendon Besley Clarendon
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Rodchenko Constructed ML Rodchenko Constructed ML
Rodchenko Constructed ML Rodchenko Constructed ML
Rodchenko Constructed ML Rodchenko Constructed ML
Rodchenko Constructed ML Rodchenko Constructed ML
Rodchenko Constructed ML Rodchenko Constructed ML
by HiH
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T-Hand Monoline T-Hand Monoline
T-Hand Monoline T-Hand Monoline
T-Hand Monoline T-Hand Monoline
T-Hand Monoline T-Hand Monoline
T-Hand Monoline T-Hand Monoline
by HiH
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Edelgotisch Edelgotisch
Edelgotisch Edelgotisch
Edelgotisch Edelgotisch
Edelgotisch Edelgotisch
Edelgotisch Edelgotisch
by HiH
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Huxley Amore Huxley Amore
Huxley Amore Huxley Amore
Huxley Amore Huxley Amore
Huxley Amore Huxley Amore
Huxley Amore Huxley Amore
by HiH
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Alt Gotisch Alt Gotisch
Alt Gotisch Alt Gotisch
Alt Gotisch Alt Gotisch
Alt Gotisch Alt Gotisch
Alt Gotisch Alt Gotisch
by HiH
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Cruickshank ML Cruickshank ML
Cruickshank ML Cruickshank ML
Cruickshank ML Cruickshank ML
Cruickshank ML Cruickshank ML
Cruickshank ML Cruickshank ML
by HiH
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HiH Firmin Didot™ HiH Firmin Didot™
HiH Firmin Didot™ HiH Firmin Didot™
HiH Firmin Didot™ HiH Firmin Didot™
HiH Firmin Didot™ HiH Firmin Didot™
HiH Firmin Didot™ HiH Firmin Didot™
by HiH
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Publicity Headline Publicity Headline
Publicity Headline Publicity Headline
Publicity Headline Publicity Headline
Publicity Headline Publicity Headline
Publicity Headline Publicity Headline
by HiH
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Pekin Pekin
Pekin Pekin
Pekin Pekin
Pekin Pekin
Pekin Pekin
by HiH
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Larisch Larisch
Larisch Larisch
Larisch Larisch
Larisch Larisch
Larisch Larisch
by HiH
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Page No. 508 Page No. 508
Page No. 508 Page No. 508
Page No. 508 Page No. 508
Page No. 508 Page No. 508
Page No. 508 Page No. 508
by HiH
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Bethlehem Ephrath Bethlehem Ephrath
Bethlehem Ephrath Bethlehem Ephrath
Bethlehem Ephrath Bethlehem Ephrath
Bethlehem Ephrath Bethlehem Ephrath
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Baltimore Geometric Baltimore Geometric
Baltimore Geometric Baltimore Geometric
Baltimore Geometric Baltimore Geometric
Baltimore Geometric Baltimore Geometric
Baltimore Geometric Baltimore Geometric
by HiH
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Gaiety Girl Gaiety Girl
Gaiety Girl Gaiety Girl
Gaiety Girl Gaiety Girl
Gaiety Girl Gaiety Girl
Gaiety Girl Gaiety Girl
by HiH
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Gradl Initialen ML Gradl Initialen ML
Gradl Initialen ML Gradl Initialen ML
Gradl Initialen ML Gradl Initialen ML
Gradl Initialen ML Gradl Initialen ML
by HiH
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Herold Herold
Herold Herold
Herold Herold
Herold Herold
Herold Herold
by HiH
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Phinney Jenson Phinney Jenson
Phinney Jenson Phinney Jenson
Phinney Jenson Phinney Jenson
Phinney Jenson Phinney Jenson
Phinney Jenson Phinney Jenson
by HiH
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Antique Tuscan No 9 Antique Tuscan No 9
Antique Tuscan No 9 Antique Tuscan No 9
Antique Tuscan No 9 Antique Tuscan No 9
Antique Tuscan No 9 Antique Tuscan No 9
Antique Tuscan No 9 Antique Tuscan No 9
by HiH
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Huxley Cyrillic Huxley Cyrillic
Huxley Cyrillic Huxley Cyrillic
Huxley Cyrillic Huxley Cyrillic
Huxley Cyrillic Huxley Cyrillic
Huxley Cyrillic Huxley Cyrillic
by HiH
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Huxley Alt Huxley Alt
Huxley Alt Huxley Alt
Huxley Alt Huxley Alt
Huxley Alt Huxley Alt
Huxley Alt Huxley Alt
by HiH
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Gundrada ML Gundrada ML
Gundrada ML Gundrada ML
Gundrada ML Gundrada ML
Gundrada ML Gundrada ML
Gundrada ML Gundrada ML
by HiH
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Jugendstil Initials Jugendstil Initials
Jugendstil Initials Jugendstil Initials
Jugendstil Initials Jugendstil Initials
Jugendstil Initials Jugendstil Initials
Jugendstil Initials Jugendstil Initials
by HiH
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Hispania Script Hispania Script
Hispania Script Hispania Script
Hispania Script Hispania Script
Hispania Script Hispania Script
Hispania Script Hispania Script
by HiH
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Mulier Moderne Mulier Moderne
Mulier Moderne Mulier Moderne
Mulier Moderne Mulier Moderne
Mulier Moderne Mulier Moderne
Mulier Moderne Mulier Moderne