German painter, illustrator, designer, teacher and architect. He studied painting at the Hochschule für Bildende Künste, Dresden, from 1891 to 1896. After producing monumental altarpieces and murals, he took up book illustration and poster design. By 1899, he was actively involved in the Dresden craft workshops, designing furniture and wallpaper. He was also recognized widely for the quality of his posters and typography. He successfully exhibited in art shows around the turn of the century.