Polish publisher, printer, book and type designer. 1947–68 technical director and chief of production at the Polish Czytelnik publishing house. 1968–81 type design specialist at the Polish Prinitng Industry Union. 1966–78 editor of Litera, Poland’s only type-related magazine. 1965–75 type design lecturer at the University of Arts (ASP) in Warsaw and College of Arts (WSSP) in Lodz. 1968 founded Osrodek Pism Drukarskich (the Centre of Typefaces) in Warsaw. Published more than 400 type-related articles. 1965–1992 member of Association Typographique Internationale (ATypI), where he served as member of the Board and country delegate for Poland.