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HiH

HiH stands for Hand-in-Hand because I couldn’t do it alone — any of it. I am as interested in history as I am in typefaces and I firmly believe that no typeface is an island, either. By that I mean, every typeface has a context and a history and is a product of some person(s) creativity and effort. Since alphabets have the purpose of written communication, a typeface cannot be TOTALLY original or it would be useless. A typeface must, at minimum, resemble other typefaces that already exist. If a reader cannot recognize any of the letterforms, the reader will not be able to read any of the words formed by those letters and there will be no communication.

Over time, I evolved a growing dislike for the practice, that goes back to the earliest foundries, of copying and renaming fonts without attribution, as if each look-alike font was the product of original and independent effort. I found it confusing and frustrating, so I started off giving back the original name some of the fonts I had accumulated. Next, I became dissatisfied with fonts that were missing punctuation or special characters that were (or should have been) part of the original design, etc. I started adding them as I needed them. Then I found myself re-designing some of the non-alphabetic characters. I think all of the characters should look like they belong with the font and not hauled out of the trash someplace. For example, I think a blackletter typeface should have a period that reflects the same broadpen characteristics as the letterforms. Who draws perfect circles with a broadpen nib? On the other hand, why would anyone want math symbols with a copperplate script? That is like blackletter small caps or a swash version of a geometric sans-serif. You get the picture.

And then there are all the really great Victorian & Art Nouveau typefaces that I could not find in digital form. Personally, I think the 19th century (more exactly, from 1815 through 1914) is the most exciting in the history of typography — the teenage years, messy, conflicted and full of the discovery of the raw power being unleashed. There was no escape. I had to make my own. I hope you like them and find them useful.

— Tom the Boxer, HiH Retrofonts

Character Sets

We use a standard Windows 3.1 character set with 213 visible characters or glyphs and 256 total character slots (some reserved for program functions and not visible) for display typefaces. We think Unicode is really great for text faces, but often overkill for display purposes. We use Fontographer 4.1 and like to see the entire character set displayed on a single screen — not possible with Unicode.

We frequently deviate from the standard ASCII set, which we believe includes some silly choices. Don’t look for a “logical not” in our faces. For diacritical marks (accents), we generally include the acute (´), grave (`), dieresis or umlaut (¨), circumflex (ˆ), tilde (˜), cedilla (¸) and macron (¯). Most of our fonts are revivals. Priority is given to the accents and special characters needed to set the native language of the original designer. Bringhurst lists 59 letter forms in Roman- or Latin-based alphabets alone (exclusive of Cyrillic, Greek, Hebrew, etc). For example, there are four Os: the standard O, the slashed O, the horned O, and the open O. When you add in the various accent combinations, from O-acute for to open-O-ogonek, you wind up with a total of forty variations on the letter O alone. The old saw that you cannot be all things to all people obviously applies here.

Note: for the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy, the official administrative languages were German and Hungarian. While Czech, Polish, Serbo-Croatian, Slovenian were important regionally, it was a major political issue that they did not have official standing. (There were periods when their use was actually forbidden.)

We try to include ligatures and alternate characters that were part of the original design. We will also include special characters or dingbats when we deem it appropriate to do so. There is a wealth of printer’s ornaments to be found in specimen books. Many have already been digitized in raster form by Dover and others and are available in inexpensive collections on CD.

Decorative Initials

As a rule I try to match decorative initials with appropriate small caps, if available, or with a matching or harmonious lowercase. While the lowercase or small caps will be supplied with accents, the decorative initials will not be, with the sometime exception of C-cedilla and the N-tilde. According to The Chicago Manual of Style, French, Portuguese and Spanish may be set without accents on capitalized vowels; and German can set by using Ae, Oe & Ue in place of the umlauted capitals. Italian varies: accents required for display headlines, but not for text. Æ and Œ will generally not be included in decorated form unless part of the original design.

Selected Bibliography

The books listed below are the ones to which we most frequently refer. Each of these books has something unique to offer. Together they can form the core of a useful typographic library. No specimen books are listed because the most important are far beyond anything most people can afford, running into the thousands of dollars. It is hoped that the holders of major historical libraries, such as Columbia University in NYC and St. Bride’s in London, will gradually digitize the most significant and post them on their web sites. Donations might encourage them — it would be an expensive and time-consuming process.

  • Annenberg, TYPE FOUNDRIES OF AMERICA AND THEIR CATALOGS (Oak Knoll Press, New Castle, Deleware, 1994) ISBN 1-884718-06-X. The purpose of this book, and those like it, is to capture history metal type before it is too late. These are labors of love and we are indebted to those who made effort because this history belongs to all of us.
     
  • Bain & Shaw, BLACKLETTER: TYPE AND NATIONAL IDENTITY. (Princeton Architectural Press, NYC 1998) ISBN 1-56898-125-2. Useful contribution to understanding the zeitgeist of blackletter, countering the many unproductive negative comments made by readers familiar only with roman letterforms. Fraktur, especially, can be difficult when you are not used to it, but it does work better with German than English. Now check out Burmese. Chapter on what editors term “German Hybrid Typefaces”: Behrens, Eckmann, Künstler, etc.
     
  • Bringhurst, THE ELEMENTS OF TYPOGRAPHIC STYLE (Hartley & Marks, Vancouver [near where author lives] 2004. ISBN 0-88179-206-3 (pbk). Incomparable must-have book on disciplined page layout and typography with a strong historical perspective. Bringhurst is a major critic of parochial typography.
     
  • Gray, NINETEENTH CENTURY ORNAMENTED TYPEFACES (University of California Press, Berkeley & LA 1976) ISBN 0-520-03074-5 Out of print. Find it used and buy it. Est $40. Originally published by Oxford University Press in 1938.
     
  • Jasper, Berry & Johnson, ENCYCLOPAEDIA OF TYPEFACES, 4th Edition (Cassell & Co., London 2001); ISBN 1-84188-139-2 (pbk). Note: earlier editions are also worth acquiring on used book market.
     
  • Lewis, TYPOGRAPHY DESIGN AND PRACTICE (Taplinger Publishing, NYC 1978) ISBN 0-8008-7922-8 (pbk). Useful discussion on artistic developments as they impacted display typography from 1800. Draws insightful connection between blackletter faces and sans-serifs.
     
  • McGrew, AMERICAN METAL TYPEFACES OF THE TWENTIETH CENTURY, 2nd Edition (Oak Knoll Books, New Castle, Delaware 1993); ISBN 0938768-39-5 (pbk). Includes typefaces from 19th century that continued to be cast in the 20th century, like Pekin.
     
  • Petzendorfer, TREASURY OF AUTHENTIC ART NOUVEAU ALPHABETS, DECORATIVE INITIALS, MONOGRAMS, FRAMES AND ORNAMENTS (Dover Publications, New York 1984); originally published by Julius Hoffmann of Stuttgart in 1903 under the title SCHRIFTENATLAS NEUE FOLGE: EINE SAMMLUNG VON ALPHABETEN INITIALEN UND MONOGRAMMEN ZUSAMMENGESTELLT VON HOFRAT L. PETZENDORFER. ISBN 0-486-24653-1 (pbk).
     
  • Solo, THE SOLOTYPE CATALOG OF 4,147 DISPLAY TYPEFACES (Dover Publications, New York 1992) ISBN 0-486-27169-2 (pbk). As title indicates, book was intended as a commercial catalog and not a historical record. Because of practice of renaming typefaces to support that purpose and the lack of any further information on where the typefaces were collected, the book is less useful than it might have been. It would be wonderful if an accompanying database was compiled. Many faces simply can't be found elsewhere.
     
  • The University of Chicago Press, THE CHICAGO MANUAL OF STYLE, 14th Edition (The University of Chicago Press, Chicago & London 1993) ISBN 0-226-10389-7. Fifteenth edition is now available. Probably the best reference source for the practical details of applied typography.

76 font families from HiH

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ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ
Thorowgood Sans Thorowgood Sans

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Seiji Ozawa quit, vexing rabid symphonic folk.
Patent Reclame Patent Reclame
by HiH

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Cozy sphinx waves quart jug of bad milk.
Freak Freak

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ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ
Norwich Aldine ML Norwich Aldine ML
Norwich Aldine ML Norwich Aldine ML
Norwich Aldine ML Norwich Aldine ML
Norwich Aldine ML Norwich Aldine ML
Norwich Aldine ML Norwich Aldine ML

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My help squeezed back in again and joined the weavers after six.
Waltari Waltari
Waltari Waltari
Waltari Waltari
Waltari Waltari
Waltari Waltari

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ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ
Gothic Tuscan One Gothic Tuscan One
Gothic Tuscan One Gothic Tuscan One
Gothic Tuscan One Gothic Tuscan One
Gothic Tuscan One Gothic Tuscan One
Gothic Tuscan One Gothic Tuscan One

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The vixen jumped quickly on her foes barking with zeal.
Wedding Wedding
Wedding Wedding
Wedding Wedding
Wedding Wedding
Wedding Wedding

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ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ
Page No. 508 Page No. 508

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New job: fix Mr. Gluck’s hazy TV, PDQ.
Secession Secession
Secession Secession
Secession Secession
Secession Secession
Secession Secession

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ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ
Larisch Larisch
Larisch Larisch
Larisch Larisch
Larisch Larisch
Larisch Larisch
by HiH

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Six big devils from Japan quickly forgot how to waltz.
Pekin Pekin
Pekin Pekin
Pekin Pekin
Pekin Pekin
Pekin Pekin

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ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ
Antique Tuscan No 9 Antique Tuscan No 9
Antique Tuscan No 9 Antique Tuscan No 9
Antique Tuscan No 9 Antique Tuscan No 9
Antique Tuscan No 9 Antique Tuscan No 9
Antique Tuscan No 9 Antique Tuscan No 9

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Then a cop quizzed Mick Jagger’s ex-wives briefly.
Advertisers Gothic Advertisers Gothic
Advertisers Gothic Advertisers Gothic
Advertisers Gothic Advertisers Gothic
Advertisers Gothic Advertisers Gothic
Advertisers Gothic Advertisers Gothic

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Suez sailor vomits jauntily abaft while waxing parquet decks.
Habana Deco ML Habana Deco ML
Habana Deco ML Habana Deco ML
Habana Deco ML Habana Deco ML
Habana Deco ML Habana Deco ML
Habana Deco ML Habana Deco ML

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Six quite crazy kings vowed to abolish my pitiful jousts.
Besley Clarendon Besley Clarendon
Besley Clarendon Besley Clarendon
Besley Clarendon Besley Clarendon
Besley Clarendon Besley Clarendon
Besley Clarendon Besley Clarendon

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My help squeezed back in again and joined the weavers after six.
Roller Poster Roller Poster
Roller Poster Roller Poster
Roller Poster Roller Poster
Roller Poster Roller Poster
Roller Poster Roller Poster

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Five or six big jet planes zoomed quickly by the tower.
Alt Gotisch Alt Gotisch
Alt Gotisch Alt Gotisch
Alt Gotisch Alt Gotisch
Alt Gotisch Alt Gotisch
Alt Gotisch Alt Gotisch

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Beloved Groucho joked with a mix of zany quips.
Wedge Gothic Wedge Gothic
Wedge Gothic Wedge Gothic
Wedge Gothic Wedge Gothic
Wedge Gothic Wedge Gothic
Wedge Gothic Wedge Gothic

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Blowzy night-frumps vex’d Jack Q.
Fantastic ML Fantastic ML
Fantastic ML Fantastic ML
Fantastic ML Fantastic ML
Fantastic ML Fantastic ML
Fantastic ML Fantastic ML
by HiH

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What deaf banjo player gives Max Planck quartz?
Edison Edison
Edison Edison
Edison Edison
Edison Edison
Edison Edison

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ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ
Kunstler Grotesk Kunstler Grotesk
Kunstler Grotesk Kunstler Grotesk
Kunstler Grotesk Kunstler Grotesk
Kunstler Grotesk Kunstler Grotesk
Kunstler Grotesk Kunstler Grotesk

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May Jo equals the fine record by solving six puzzles a week.
Rundgotisch Rundgotisch

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Lawbooks forgave John Quincy Adams, sixth Prez.
Novelty Script Novelty Script
Novelty Script Novelty Script
Novelty Script Novelty Script
Novelty Script Novelty Script
Novelty Script Novelty Script

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ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ
HiH Large HiH Large
HiH Large HiH Large
HiH Large HiH Large
HiH Large HiH Large
HiH Large HiH Large

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My grandfather picks up quartz and valuable onyx jewels.
Baltimore Geometric Baltimore Geometric
Baltimore Geometric Baltimore Geometric
Baltimore Geometric Baltimore Geometric
Baltimore Geometric Baltimore Geometric
Baltimore Geometric Baltimore Geometric

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ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ
Publicity Headline Publicity Headline
Publicity Headline Publicity Headline
Publicity Headline Publicity Headline
Publicity Headline Publicity Headline
Publicity Headline Publicity Headline

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ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ
Gradl Highstep Gradl Highstep
Gradl Highstep Gradl Highstep
Gradl Highstep Gradl Highstep
Gradl Highstep Gradl Highstep
Gradl Highstep Gradl Highstep

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ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ
French Plug French Plug
French Plug French Plug
French Plug French Plug
French Plug French Plug
French Plug French Plug

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ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ
Mulier Moderne Mulier Moderne
Mulier Moderne Mulier Moderne
Mulier Moderne Mulier Moderne
Mulier Moderne Mulier Moderne
Mulier Moderne Mulier Moderne

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The July sun caused a fragment of pine wax to ooze on the black velvet quilt.
Rodchenko Constructed ML Rodchenko Constructed ML
Rodchenko Constructed ML Rodchenko Constructed ML
Rodchenko Constructed ML Rodchenko Constructed ML
Rodchenko Constructed ML Rodchenko Constructed ML
Rodchenko Constructed ML Rodchenko Constructed ML
by HiH

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Dumpy kibitzer jingles as exchequer overflows.
Morris Morris

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ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ
Figgins Antique Figgins Antique
Figgins Antique Figgins Antique
Figgins Antique Figgins Antique
Figgins Antique Figgins Antique
Figgins Antique Figgins Antique

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ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ
Figgins Tuscan™ Figgins Tuscan™
Figgins Tuscan™ Figgins Tuscan™
Figgins Tuscan™ Figgins Tuscan™
Figgins Tuscan™ Figgins Tuscan™
Figgins Tuscan™ Figgins Tuscan™

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The sex life of the woodchuck is a provocative question for most vertebrate zoology majors.
Augsburger Augsburger
Augsburger Augsburger
Augsburger Augsburger
Augsburger Augsburger
Augsburger Augsburger

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Five big quacking zephyrs jolt my wax bed.
Scholz Secession Scholz Secession
Scholz Secession Scholz Secession
Scholz Secession Scholz Secession
Scholz Secession Scholz Secession
Scholz Secession Scholz Secession
by HiH

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Quincy Jones vowed to fix the bleak jazz program.
Shout Shout
Shout Shout
Shout Shout
Shout Shout
Shout Shout
by HiH

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A good quick jab of a pen may vex Will Shortz.
Herold Herold
Herold Herold
Herold Herold
Herold Herold
Herold Herold

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Jump by vow of quick, lazy strength in Oxford.
Phinney Jenson Phinney Jenson
Phinney Jenson Phinney Jenson
Phinney Jenson Phinney Jenson
Phinney Jenson Phinney Jenson
Phinney Jenson Phinney Jenson

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Gen. Schwarzkopf’s job quietly vexed him.
Austin Antique Austin Antique
Austin Antique Austin Antique
Austin Antique Austin Antique
Austin Antique Austin Antique
Austin Antique Austin Antique

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King Alexander was just partly overcome after quizzing Diogenes in his tub.
Yes Dear Yes Dear
Yes Dear Yes Dear
Yes Dear Yes Dear
Yes Dear Yes Dear
Yes Dear Yes Dear

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Murky haze enveloped a city as jarring quakes broke fourty-six windows.
Bethlehem Ephrath Bethlehem Ephrath
Bethlehem Ephrath Bethlehem Ephrath
Bethlehem Ephrath Bethlehem Ephrath
Bethlehem Ephrath Bethlehem Ephrath

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Ebenezer unexpectedly bagged two tranquil aardvarks with his jiffy vacuum cleaner.
Art Gothic HiH Art Gothic HiH
Art Gothic HiH Art Gothic HiH
Art Gothic HiH Art Gothic HiH
Art Gothic HiH Art Gothic HiH
Art Gothic HiH Art Gothic HiH

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Quick jigs for waltz vex bad nymph.
HiH Firmin Didot™ HiH Firmin Didot™
HiH Firmin Didot™ HiH Firmin Didot™
HiH Firmin Didot™ HiH Firmin Didot™
HiH Firmin Didot™ HiH Firmin Didot™
HiH Firmin Didot™ HiH Firmin Didot™

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We have just quoted on nine dozen boxes of gray lamp wicks.
Hispania Script Hispania Script
Hispania Script Hispania Script
Hispania Script Hispania Script
Hispania Script Hispania Script
Hispania Script Hispania Script

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ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ
Gutta Percha Gutta Percha
Gutta Percha Gutta Percha
Gutta Percha Gutta Percha
Gutta Percha Gutta Percha
Gutta Percha Gutta Percha
by HiH

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Jay visited back home and gazed upon a brown fox and quail.
Brass Brass
Brass Brass
Brass Brass
Brass Brass
Brass Brass

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We promptly judged antique ivory buckles for the next prize.
Teutonia Teutonia
Teutonia Teutonia
Teutonia Teutonia
Teutonia Teutonia
Teutonia Teutonia

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Jeb quickly drove a few extra miles on the glazed pavement.
Regina Cursiv Regina Cursiv
Regina Cursiv Regina Cursiv
Regina Cursiv Regina Cursiv
Regina Cursiv Regina Cursiv
Regina Cursiv Regina Cursiv

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Jack amazed a few girls by dropping the antique onyx vase!
Schnorr Gestreckt Schnorr Gestreckt
Schnorr Gestreckt Schnorr Gestreckt
Schnorr Gestreckt Schnorr Gestreckt
Schnorr Gestreckt Schnorr Gestreckt
Schnorr Gestreckt Schnorr Gestreckt